The Tower of London

No. Ez a szöveg egy szuvenír hátulján található. Pontosan ugyanaz a szöveg olvasható itt is, a hibákkal együtt, tehát nem változtattam, nem javítottam ki rajta semmit sem. Ennek függvényében olvassátok, használjátok! 😉


1066 William Duke of Normandy – after winning the battle with Saxon King Harold at Hastings ordered the building of fortifications to secure London. The chief city of his new kingdom.

1076 Stone Tower erected, at once entitled, The Tower of London. Later known as the White Tower.

1189/1285 Richard I – The White Tower was encircled by two towered curtain walls and a great moat.

1216/72 Henry III – Royal accommodation included within the White Tower, also curtain walls extended and Towers positioned at regular intervals. Royal Menagerie established.

1272/1307 Edward I – New moat dug and new curtain walls erected with extra towers, to river foreshore.

to 1400 The Wharf was built, along the entire river front.

1483 Garden Tower – became known as Bloody Tower so called because it was where the two son s of Edward IV were imprisoned and murdered. The two Princes in the Tower.

1509/47 Henry VIII – Allowed the Tower to decay, gradually Tower not used as Royal residence – but mainly as arsenal for Royal armies/fleets, and state prison. Also to house the Royal Mint.

1536 Anne Boleyn beheaded on Tower Green.

1542 Catherine Howard beheaded on Tower Green.

1554 Lady Jane Grey beheaded on Tower Green.

1603/16 Sir Walter Ralegh imprisoned in the Bloody Tower.

1660 Charles II – Following the restoration of the Monarchy, the Tower underwent major renovation. A permanent Garrison was housed inside. First public showing of Coronation Regalia Arms and Armour.

1664/65 The year of the Plague, 68,596 died.

1666 The Great Fire of London, September 2nd, it lasted four days, luckily did not reach the Tower which at the time was a gunpowder store.

1811 Royal Mint moved to Tower Hill.

1826 Duke of Wellington – appointed as constable, public removed from Tower.

1834 The Menagerie was closed.

1841 Grand Storehouse destroyed by fire. Vast new barracks erected in its place.

1852 Queen Victoria – Wellington s death, Prince Albert encouraged Tower into becoming a national monument.

1855 The Wakefield Tower became the Jewel House.

1967 Present Jewel House opened.

At the end of Victoria s reign, over half a million people per year visited the Tower and this has grown to this day, so the Tower has become one of the worlds biggest attractions.


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